Single Microphone

S. Gannot, D. Burshtein and E. Weinstein, “Iterative and Sequential Kalman Filter-Based Speech Enhancement Algorithms,” IEEE Trans. on Speech and Audio Proc., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 373-385, Jul. 1998 [KEM]

D. Burshtein and S. Gannot, “Speech Enhancement Using a Mixture-Maximum Model,” IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, Vol. 49, No. 8, pp. 1614-1626, Aug. 2001 [MIXMAX]
Y. Ephraim, D. Malah and B. H. Juang, “On the Application of Hidden Markov Models for Enhancing Noisy Speech,” IEEE Trans. Acoust., Speech and Sig. Proc., vol. 37, pp. 1846-1856, 1989. [HMM]

Y. Ephraim, “A Bayesian Estimation Approach for Speech Enhancement Using Hidden Markov Models,” IEEE Trans. on Sig. Proc., vol. 40, pp. 725-735, 1992. [HMM]


The implementation of the HMM algorithms was made for comparison by the authors of the KEM and MixMax algorithms and on their own responsibility.


  • Amsterdam Free University
  • NOISEX-92



ENGLISH, No Post Processing

Sound Example - Test 2